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Home » World » Europe » Bulgaria » Sofia
Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria, located in the western part of the country at the foot of Mount Vitosha. It is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and vibrant nightlife. Sofia boasts numerous attractions, including the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the National Archaeological Museum, and the Vitosha Boulevard shopping street. The city is also a major educational and cultural center, housing some of Bulgaria's top universities, museums, and theaters. Sofia's blend of Ottoman, Greek, Roman, and Soviet architecture makes it a unique destination for history enthusiasts and tourists alike.
Sofia

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Points of interest

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Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

This impressive cathedral is one of the largest in the Balkans. It was built at the end of the 19th century in the Neo-Byzantine style and is dedicated to Saint Alexander Nevsky, an Eastern Orthodox saint. The cathedral is known for its beautiful golden domes, its interior frescoes, and its crypt, which houses the relics of several Bulgarian saints.

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Church of St. George

This ancient church is one of the most important buildings in Sofia. It was built in the 4th century A.D. and is one of the few surviving examples of early Roman architecture in the Balkans. The church is dedicated to Saint George, the patron saint of Bulgaria, and features a series of frescoes and mosaics dating from its time of construction.

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National Historical Museum

The National Historical Museum in Sofia is one of the largest and most significant historical museums in the Balkans. It showcases a vast array of artifacts that reflect Bulgaria's rich history from prehistoric ages to the present day. The museum is housed in the former residence of the country’s last communist leader, providing a unique architectural insight as well.

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Boyana Church

Boyana Church is a medieval Bulgarian Orthodox church situated on the outskirts of Sofia. It is renowned for its frescoes, which date back to 1259 and are considered to be among the most important achievements in Eastern European medieval art. The church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers visitors a glimpse into the religious and artistic culture of medieval Bulgaria.

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Ivan Vazov National Theatre

The Ivan Vazov National Theatre is Bulgaria’s national theatre and the oldest and most authoritative theatrical institution in the country. Located in the heart of Sofia, it showcases Bulgarian and international plays and is renowned for its stunning neo-classical architecture. The theatre is named after the famous Bulgarian writer Ivan Vazov, symbolizing the importance of arts and literature in Bulgarian culture.

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National Museum of Earth and Man

The National Museum of Earth and Man is one of the largest natural history museums in Europe. Located in Sofia, the museum houses an extensive collection of minerals, crystals, and geological samples from Bulgaria and around the world. It aims to educate visitors about the natural history, geology, and the relationship between humans and the Earth.

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National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum in Sofia is housed in the largest and oldest former Ottoman mosque in Bulgaria, the Büyük Camii. The museum's collections cover the entire cultural and historical range from Prehistory through the Middle Ages. It is a key institution for understanding Bulgaria's archaeological and historical heritage, featuring invaluable artifacts and treasures from various eras and civilizations.